La Razón (Print edition), February 20, 2013 | Quinoa, for its nutritional benefits and versatility agronomic constitutes a strategic crop to contribute to food security in various regions of the world, especially in countries where the population has no access to protein sources, or where they have limitations in food production, highlights the Master Plan for the International Year of Quinoa.
The International Year of Quinoa (AIQ) was proposed by Bolivia, supported by Argentina, Azerbaijan, Ecuador, Georgia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay, and the backing of the United Nations Organization for Agriculture ( FAO). The UN General Assembly gave its approval through Resolution 66/221 of 22 December 2011.
This meeting highlighted their nutritional qualities, adaptability to different agro-ecological floors and potential contribution in the fight against hunger and malnutrition. The official launch should take place on October 29, 2012, but the hurricane forced postponement Sandy.
The opening ceremony was held today in New York at the United Nations, with the participation of President Evo Morales.
In May last year the Committee was formed under the chairmanship of AIQ Bolivia. The vice president is in charge of Ecuador, Peru and Chile, and the rapporteur in the hands of Argentina and France. It consists of members of the leading producers and exporters: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, and countries where the culture and experience are the main consumers: Australia, USA, France, India, Kenya and Egypt.
For FAO, the AIQ seeks to focus world attention on the role of biodiversity in the quinoa and nutritional value in food security and nutrition and support the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
The master plan is a dynamic tool for information and communication activities, research, technology and marketing, and cooperative mechanisms and fundraising. Its implementation cost reaches $ U.S. 2,882,630.
On February 20, 2013 is done launching the International Year of Quinoa in a opening ceremony in the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York. There will also be simultaneous events in 10 other countries.
The IV World Congress on quinoa be held in Ecuador (the previous was in Oruro, Bolivia, two years ago). This event will bring together scientists investigating the germplasm, breeding, seed, climate change and others. Then there will be the publication, translation and distribution of memory on the forum (including technical papers presented). The prior information on the site is http://www.congresomundialquinua.com.ec/.
In Bolivia will develop Quinoa International Symposium on Cultural and nutritional values of quinoa, with the participation of representatives of indigenous peoples, who disseminate traditional knowledge and experiences in situ conservation.
It will launch the “International Competition on Technological Innovation of quinoa” and “International competition photographic and painting on quinoa (professional, amateur and children).” It is expected that this year takes place in the “preparation of the world’s healthiest dish on the basis of quinoa” and publishing cookbooks.
Events will be conducted with the participation of chefs and nutritionists. There will also be an exhibition of the production process from the field to the table called “The Path of Quinoa”. Producers show the potential of trade and industrialization.
‘It has the essential amino acids’
The technical report Quinoa, ancient grain to contribute to global food security prepared by Proinpa (Promotion and Research of Andean Products) makes a collection date and detailed information on nutritional benefits, versatility and agronomic crop expansion to other continents, showing that quinoa is a crop with high potential to contribute to food security in various regions of the world, especially in countries where the population has no access to sources of protein or production conditions are limited by low humidity, low availability of inputs and aridity.
This document was presented by the Plurinational State of Bolivia in the 37th FAO Conference to propose the declaration of the “International Year of Quinoa”, which was approved.
Quinoa is the only plant food that has all the essential amino acids, vitamins and trace elements and contains no gluten. Essential amino acids are in the bead core, unlike other grains that are in the exosperma or shell, such as rice or wheat. He has more than three thousand varieties or ecotypes both cultivated and wild. While major producers are Bolivia, Peru and the United States, cultivation is expanding to other continents. Through this report, we contribute to improve the knowledge and dissemination of this ancient culture with strategic value for the food and nutritional security of mankind.